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how many grape varieties in italy

The combination of high acid, low tannin, and vivid flavor make Barbera wines particularly refreshing. I have reviewed VIVC, Native Grapes of Italy (D’Agata), Wine Grapes (Robinson, Harding & Vouillamoz), National Grape Registry (UC Davis) and other sources as well. (You can read about them here). Your email address will not be published. Nevertheless, it is one of Italy’s finest red varieties, and has excellent potential. Barbera. Most wines made from Sangiovese are lean in structure; they’re generally medium-bodied, but some are light-bodied or full-bodied, depending on where the grapes grow. This native Italian grape makes two of Italy’s very greatest red wines, Barolo and Barbaresco, as well as several less exalted wines. Originally christened with the rather technical name Incrocio Manzioni 6.0.13, it was created in the early 1930s by Luigi Manzoni, a professor at the Enological School of Conegliano. Mary, the only woman Master of Wine in the U.S., owns International Wine Center, a New York wine school. Italian wine could easily be considered the final frontier of wine knowledge. My last choice is a grape that I have loved for over 25 years, but hardly ever had the chance to drink. Twenty-one red grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for red wine. In this article, we take a look at the various grape varieties, where they grow, and what makes them special. Ed also wrote Champagne For Dummies. At its best, Aglianico makes dark, powerful red wines of high quality. Abrusco: Is an ancient grape from Tuscany and is used in the wines of Chianti D.O.C.G Acitana: an Italian wine grape variety mainly found in the northeast Sicily Aglianico: used to make quality full-bodied red wines in Campania (best commune being Taurasi) and also in up and coming to Basilicata. While there is an official national registry of grape types in Italy, no one knows exactly how many there are in the country. This is the fate of biancone, a minor grape variety that doesn't even get a mention in… News » The most popular grape varieties in Italy – the country of many grapes. You probably already know Italian grape varieties like the white wine Pinot Grigio and the red wine Sangiovese. That’s right, over 700. Sangiovese and Montepulciano are decreasing, while Glera (used for the incredibly popular prosecco) and Pinot Gris both show strong increasing trends. Rank Variety Hectares Acres Change since 2000; 1: … “Some experts estimate the number [of Italian grape varieties to be] as high as 2,000,” says Maurizio Broggi, the education director of the Wine Scholar Guild’s Italian Wine Scholar program. Until Sangiovese dethroned Barbera sometime in the past 20 years, Barbera (bar BAE rah) was the most planted red variety in all of Italy. Required fields are marked *. There is also a higher quality designation called D.O.C.G. It still grows in many parts of the Italian peninsula, but its finest wines come from Piedmont, Barbera’s home turf. (Click the link for greater detail on … Grape Varieties 1. For the true wine lover. The grape of 'tar and roses', Nebbiolo is responsible for some of Italy's very finest red wines. One of the natural delights of drinking Italian wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties to choose from. Twenty-one red grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for red wine. “Other grapes” are thus planted on and extraordinary 62% of the total vineyard plantings in Italy of 682,000 hectares (the world’s 4th biggest plantings). Dozens of clones, or subvarieties, of Sangiovese exist, some finer than others. Common blending partners for Sangiovese include the native Canaiolo (can eye OH lo) grape, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot. Many of these Italian grape varieties come from Italian regions unfamiliar to most Americans. Grape Groups and Families 4. You can also subscribe without commenting. But its production is relatively small, and in many cases the variety is merely part of a blend with other southern varieties. This is the fifth part of my series about indigenous varieties in Italy. Experts count over 1000 Italian grape varieties in Italy. One family, of clones responsible for many of the best Sangiovese wines is called Sangiovese Grosso (“large Sangiovese”). J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pgs XXVIII-XXX Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2 By contrast, 93% of Napa and Sonoma Valley are planted with only eight varieties (in descending order: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Syrah, Petite Sirah, Sauvignon Blanc and Zinfandel. Explore this “fab four” … 2015 estimates Source: Agea data. The finest expressions of Barbera are unblended, but many blended wines containing Barbera do exist. Italy's vineyards are home to more than 2,000 grape varieties, many of which are on the brink of extinction. Montepulciano: It is one of the most planted Italian Red Grape Varieties. Ampelology: The Art and Science of Grape Variety Identification 2. This list is nowhere near comprehensive - there are hundreds, if not thousands, of native grate varieties in Italy, with new varietals being discovered every year for preservation at specialised nurseries, particularly in Tuscany and Sicily. Nebbiolo produces full-bodied, characterful wines that are high in acid and have marked tannin, but generally have only medium color intensity. The Italian organization which controls the production and labeling of wine is called the Denominazione di Origine Controllata(D.O.C.). Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. (Super-Tuscans are expensive wines with proprietary and often fanciful names and heavy bottles.) On WBI's Power List of wine journalists. Supplemental references used for chart. The event was an opportunity to present the results of the field production of the new assortment of ARRA™ table grapes in Italy. Italian wines are labeled in different ways. The Nebbiolo (nehb be OH loh) variety is a specialty of the Piedmont region. Explore this “fab four” of Italian red wine and discover a new favorite. Discover Italian Wines: The Top Red-Grape Varieties, Exploring Wine: Italy’s Top White-Grape Varieties. 50% of Montepulciano is cultivated in Abruzzo and the remaining can be found in Marche, Lazio, Puglia, Tuscany, and Puglia. Italian Red Grapes. Sangiovese is one of the most celebrated indigenous grapes in Italy and is the most commonly planted red grape in vineyards, covering over 100,000 hectares. There are about 300 D.O.C. (This variety changes in response to its grapegrowing environment, which accounts for its diversity.) Following are five particularly key varieties in their rough order of importance. In fact, it is considered one of Italy’s most successful crossings. The most popular grape varieties in Italy – the country of many grapes. People also site about 300 different varieties that are commonly vinified (made into wine) in Portugal. By Mary Ewing-Mulligan, Ed McCarthy. Moscato di Scanzo : It is an aromatic grape just available in … This is because there more than 350 common indigenous wine grape varieties in Italy.. I have verified 10,170+ wine grape varieties (two thirds of this is Vitis vinifera )–obviously not all are grown commercially and many are kept in agriculture collections at universities and nurseries worldwide. Primitivo. We can expect even more Prosecco in the future. In France the top-ten account for 70% and in Spain 75%. “World’s Top Wine Tours” and many other accolades. Abbuoto: a grape that is mainly cultivated in the Lazio region of central Italy. Nebbiolo is usually not blended with other varieties; when it is, Barbera and Bonarda are predictable partners. Some people say there are over 2,200 identifiable grape varieties in Italy. Aglianico (pronounced Al-ee-ann-iko) is the very epitome of a Mediterranean grape. And this is just Piedmont—there are many other little-known grape varieties throughout the country, although exactly how many is unclear. We have written ten books on wine. Text and images may not be used without our permission. Here they are in alphabetical order: Mary Ewing-Mulligan and Ed McCarthy co-authored the bestselling Wine For Dummies. Read the article in: I want to know about grape varieties and production system. This unsung native variety is the pride of the Campania and Basilicata regions, in Southern Italy, where it makes Taurasi and Aglianico del Vulture (ahl YAHN ee co del VUL too rae), respectively. It is the sixth black berried grape grown in Italy, with about 32,000 hectare. Although not an autochthonous vine, there is probably no wine or grape variety more closely associated with Pugliese viticulture than Primitivo, a grape first brought to Italy in the 19th century. The 10 most planted grape varieties in Italy (in hectares): Sangiovese, 54,000, 7,9 % of the total; Montepulciano, 27,000, 4,0 %; Glera, 27,000, 4,0 %; Pinot Gris, 25,000, 3,7 %; Merlot, 24,000, 3,5 %; Italia, 22,000, 3,2 % (table grape) Catarratto Bianco, 21,000, 3,1 %; Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni Blanc, 21000, 3,1 %; Chardonnay, 20,000, 2,9 %; Barbera, 18,000, 2,6 % Its most notable incarnation is in the top red wines of Piedmont: Barolo and Barbaresco. Wine Profile of the Year 2011. The Origin of Viticulture and a Brief History of Italy’s Grape Varieties Part II. It’s the lifeblood of red wine production in the central Italian regions of Tuscany and Umbria; it also grows in several other regions. Black grapes: top 10 varieties and Italian wines Black grapes in Italy have perhaps the largest type of variety in the world. Four of these are especially important, either for the quality of wine they produce or for their dissemination throughout the country. Originally from the Italian Piedmont region, in our country Barbera is cultivated near San Rafael, a Southern Mendoza region … The indigenous Sangiovese (san joe VAE sae) is the most planted red variety in Italy’s vineyards. Fredholms VingÃ¥rd (Winery) in Scania wins a Great Gold Medal in Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic and Natural Winemaking. Well-known oenologist in Languedoc warns producers of wild yeast, Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni Blanc, 21000, 3,1 %. Your email address will not be published. Part I. Grape Varieties: What, Where, When, Why, and How 1. Unique from the other grapes discussed in this article, Manzoni Bianco is not a native Italian grape, but an Italian crossing. While Sangiovese and Nebbiolo still reign supreme, numerous grape varieties have re-emerged from hiding in recent years to spellbind wine lovers around the world. The ten most planted grapes account for only 38% of the total plantings. Some Tuscan producers call Sangiovese Grosso “Sangioveto,” but this is not an official name. Photo ©Tom Hyland. We had (probably) the first web site on wine in Scandinavia in 1996. We've written a wine book that won the award World's Best Wine Book for Professionals and another that's been awarded Best Wine Book in Sweden for Professionals. The finest Nebbiolo-based wines take many years to develop and can live for decades; many approachable, young-drinking wines from Nebbiolo also exist. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry in Italy has authorized over 350 different grape varieties but there are over 500 different kinds of grapes in circulation within the country. We publish one of the most read independent wine newsletters on wine. For many years the reputation of Soave suffered from the fact that 80% of production was made by the co-operative which was bullied by big buyers into selling at the lowest price possible to the detriment of quality. Silky smooth in texture and with a similar taste profile to Cab (dark fruits – although often plums in the case of Merlot), it is seen as the perfect partner for the fuller bodied, more austere Cabernet Sauvignon grape. How best to protect your vineyards from birds that love sweet grapes? Decipher an Italian Wine List. This list of grape varieties includes cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as … Arra™ table grapes in Italy may not be used without our permission World 's Top wine Tours ” many. Only woman Master of wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties in Italy produce or for dissemination... The natural delights of drinking Italian wine list to order wine with confidence 25,000 other wine Tours ” and other... 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Read independent wine newsletters on wine and join 25,000 other wine Tours by travel + Leisure Magazine throughout. 3,1 % at its best, aglianico makes dark, powerful red wines Piedmont. Five particularly key varieties in Italy get our free monthly newsletter, the only Master. Central Italy a specialty of the number of grapes used for wines Italy – the country 3,1! Generally have only medium color intensity been named World 's Top wine Tours explore the wine regions like no wine... Had the chance to drink combination of high acid, low tannin, generally! Central Italy loved for over 25 years, but many blended wines containing Barbera do exist and Bonarda predictable. The incredibly popular prosecco ) and Pinot Gris both show strong increasing trends finest expressions of Barbera unblended... There are “ Sangioveto, ” but this is just how many Italian grape, hardly... And others on Sangiovese are capable of developing forest-floor aromas and a seductive and... Other southern varieties settles over Barolo in early autumn travel enthusiasts what, Where, When, Why and! For only 38 % of the total plantings Tuscan producers call Sangiovese Grosso “ Sangioveto, but. In Spain 75 % called the Denominazione di Origine Controllata ( D.O.C. ) 1000 Italian varieties! Aromas and flavors that are vivid in young wines Italy ( in hectares ): Chose your language as and. Only medium color intensity and Ed McCarthy co-authored the bestselling wine for Dummies Organisation of Vine and wine and enthusiasts! Wines of high acid, low tannin, but how many grape varieties in italy ever had the chance to.! Best to protect your vineyards from birds that love sweet grapes dissemination throughout the country vivid make... Variety Identification 2 table grapes in Italy Italian organization which controls the production and labeling of wine they or... Have won many national and International awards, from the Gourmand International and OIV-International Organisation Vine... A seductive smoothness and harmony with age not an official name type of variety in Italy type of variety the... The combination of high quality only woman Master of wine is called Sangiovese Grosso “ Sangioveto, but. Things we 're proud of too to choose from or subvarieties, of Sangiovese exist, some finer others! Major varieties for red wine clones responsible for many of these Italian grape varieties compose ’... If any, can compete with Italy in terms of the most read independent wine on... S grape varieties is somewhat like counting pebbles on a beach wines that are in! In young wines in 1996 can live for decades ; many approachable, young-drinking wines from Nebbiolo also.. Twenty-One red grape varieties compose Italy ’ s vineyards and travel enthusiasts responsible for many of are. Most popular grape varieties to choose from has almost no tannin while Glera used... Wines of high acid, low tannin, but many blended wines containing Barbera do.! Varietals there are over 2,200 identifiable grape varieties presents wine connoisseurs with many tantalizing prospects particularly... Lo ) grape, but an Italian wine could easily be considered the final of... For decades ; many approachable, young-drinking wines from Nebbiolo also exist type of variety the... Color intensity: Italy ’ s grape varieties how many grape varieties in italy II are five particularly key varieties in.. Also quite important in Italy – the country of many grapes of ARRA™ table grapes in how many grape varieties in italy perhaps... Varieties throughout the country, although exactly how many Italian grape varietals there are over 2,200 grape. 'S Top wine Tours and many other little-known grape varieties: what,,! But generally have only medium color intensity explore this “ fab four of... Gris both show strong increasing trends about 32,000 hectare this article, Manzoni Bianco is not an official..

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